Overview. This book (CS:APP2e) is the second edition of a book that
stems from the introductory computer systems course we
developed at Carnegie Mellon University, starting in the Fall of 1998, called
"Introduction to Computer Systems" (ICS). The presentation is based on
the following principles, which aim to help the students become better
programmers and to help prepare them for upper-level systems courses:
Students should be introduced to computer systems from the perspective
of a programmer, rather from the more traditional perspective of a
What does this mean?
Students should get a view of the complete system, comprising the
hardware, operating system, compiler, and network.
Students learn best by developing and evaluating real programs that
run on real machines.
We cover data representations, machine level representations of C
programs, processor architecture, program optimizations, the memory
hierarchy, linking, exceptional control flow (exceptions, interrupts,
processes, and Unix signals), virtual memory
and memory management, system-level I/O, basic network programming,
and concurrent programming. These concepts are supported by
series of fun and hands-on lab assignments. See the manuscript
for more details.
Web asides. We had so much material for this book that we couldn't fit it all in!
Instead, we have created electronic documents containing useful
additional material, which we call
Check it out. You'll find interesting theoretical and practical
information that goes beyond the scope of the book.
Course Materials for Instructors and Students.
The Student Site contains
additional material for the students.
The Instructor Site
contains a complete turnkey solution for teaching the course.